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Water management and aquatic ecosystem services of a tropical reservoir (Itaparica, São Francisco, Brazil)
Zitatschlüssel gunkel2018water
Autor Gunkel, Günter and Selge, Florian and Keitel, Jonas and Lima, Debora and Calado, Silvana and Sobral, Maria and Rodriguez, Maricela and Matta, Elena and Hinkelmann, Reinhard and Casper, Peter and Hupfer, Michael
Seiten 1–13
Jahr 2018
ISSN 1436-3798
DOI 10.1007/s10113-018-1324-8
Journal Regional Environmental Change
Monat 4
Zusammenfassung Reservoirs have a wide variety of uses that have led to frequent conflicts over ecological conservation and contamination, especially as land management has intensified. Oligotrophication must be implemented in numerous tropical reservoirs that experience advanced eutrophication to maintain aquatic ecosystem functions. To quantify impacts on ecosystem functions and to develop an adaptive management policy, multiple studies have been conducted on the Itaparica Reservoir, São Francisco River, in the semi-arid north-eastern region of Brazil. Here, we add to that existing body of knowledge through investigating how nutrient accumulation is affected by water exchange between the main river flow and Icó-Mandantes Bay. Operational water-level fluctuations in the reservoir create large desiccated littoral areas that release high amounts of nutrients when they are rewetted. In particular, water-level variation promotes proliferation of Egeria densa, a noxious weed, thus elevating trophic levels of the Itaparica Reservoir and Icó-Mandantes Bay. Analysis with a P efficiency model determined 25 μg P L−1 to be the critical concentration and further indicated that the critical load in both bodies of water have been exceeded. Moreover, intensive fish aquaculture using net cages has led to further overtaxing of the reservoir. We conclude that an effective ecological reservoir management policy must involve oligotrophication, harvesting of noxious water weeds for use as soil amendment in agriculture or biogas production, “blue” aquaculture, and limiting hydroelectric power production based on current water availability.
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