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Efficient surface water flow simulation on static Cartesian grid with local refinement according to key topographic features
Citation key HOU2018117
Author Jingming Hou and Run Wang and Qiuhua Liang and Zhanbin Li and Mian Song Huang and Reihnard Hinkelmann
Pages 117 - 134
Year 2018
ISSN 0045-7930
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compfluid.2018.03.024
Journal Computers & Fluids
Volume 176
Abstract Aiming at improving the computational efficiency without accuracy losses for surface water flow simulation, this paper presents a structured but non-uniform grid system incorporated into a Godunov-type finite volume scheme. The proposed grid system can detect the key topographic features in the computational domain where high-resolution mesh is in need for reliably solving the shallow water equations. The mesh refinement is automatically carried out in these areas while the mesh in the rest of the domain remains coarse. The criterion determining the refinement is suggested by a dimensionless number with a fixed value of 0.2 after sensitivity analysis. Three laboratory and field-scale test cases are employed to demonstrate the performance of the model for flow simulations on the new non-uniform grids. In all of the tests, the grid system is shown to successfully generate high-resolution mesh only in those areas with abruptly changing topographic features that dominate the flooding processes. To produce numerical solutions of similar accuracy, the non-uniform grid based model is able to accelerate by about two times comparing with the fine uniform grid based counterpart.
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