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Is the Hyporheic Zone Relevant beyond the Scientific Community?
Citation key w11112230
Author Lewandowski, Jörg and Arnon, Shai and Banks, Eddie and Batelaan, Okke and Betterle, Andrea and Broecker, Tabea and Coll, Claudia and Drummond, Jennifer D. and Garcia, Jaime Gaona and Galloway, Jason and Gomez-Velez, Jesus and Grabowski, Robert C. and Herzog, Skuyler P. and Hinkelmann, Reinhard and Höhne, Anja and Hollender, Juliane and Horn, Marcus A. and Jaeger, Anna and Krause, Stefan and Prats, Adrian Löchner and Magliozzi, Chiara and Meinikmann, Karin and Mojarrad, Brian Babak and Mueller, Birgit Maria and Peralta-Maraver, Ignacio and Popp, Andrea L. and Posselt, Malte and Putschew, Anke and Radke, Michael and Raza, Muhammad and Riml, Joakim and Robertson, Anne and Rutere, Cyrus and Schaper, Jonas L. and Schirmer, Mario and Schulz, Hanna and Shanafield, Margaret and Singh, Tanu and Ward, Adam S. and Wolke, Philipp and Wörman, Anders and Wu, Liwen
Year 2019
ISSN 2073-4441
DOI 10.3390/w11112230
Journal Water
Volume 11
Number 11
Abstract Rivers are important ecosystems under continuous anthropogenic stresses. The hyporheic zone is a ubiquitous, reactive interface between the main channel and its surrounding sediments along the river network. We elaborate on the main physical, biological, and biogeochemical drivers and processes within the hyporheic zone that have been studied by multiple scientific disciplines for almost half a century. These previous efforts have shown that the hyporheic zone is a modulator for most metabolic stream processes and serves as a refuge and habitat for a diverse range of aquatic organisms. It also exerts a major control on river water quality by increasing the contact time with reactive environments, which in turn results in retention and transformation of nutrients, trace organic compounds, fine suspended particles, and microplastics, among others. The paper showcases the critical importance of hyporheic zones, both from a scientific and an applied perspective, and their role in ecosystem services to answer the question of the manuscript title. It identifies major research gaps in our understanding of hyporheic processes. In conclusion, we highlight the potential of hyporheic restoration to efficiently manage and reactivate ecosystem functions and services in river corridors.
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